The National Police has arrested a person accused of theft from nine musical instruments valued at 6,050 euros of the Association of Songs and House of Hit, where he allegedly changed by others with similar characteristics but of a much lower value.
The agents have managed to recover a total of seven pieces that had been sold to various components of a university tuna, as reported by the provincial police headquarters in a note.
The investigations began in mid-May following a complaint from the injured musical partnership after that responsible percatasen of failure, for several months, four guitars, three mandolins and two lutes, all hand-crafted ‘Palo Santo ‘and’ Cypress’.
Musical Instruments with Low Economic Value
The complainants were unable to provide the exact date that would have perpetrated the theft as others replaced the stolen instruments with similar characteristics but with a much lower economic value.
The agents discovered that the alleged perpetrator of the theft continued could be some center worker, precisely the person responsible for the repair and refurbishment of musical instruments. So, then they were located and recovered seven pieces subtracted that had been sold to various components of a university tuna.
So far the rest of the instruments have not been improved since apparently would have been sold over the Internet. The operation ended last June 7 with the location and arrest of JAVG 62-year-old on suspicion of a crime of theft continued. Research has been carried out by agents of the Judicial Police Brigade Provincial Police Station Almeria.
Among the 125 Mayan musical objects under study, there is a triple flute with 600 different sounds.
A team of arqueoacústica the National Institute of Anthropology (INAH) of Mexico is studying 125 Mayan sound instruments from the National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) and in a preliminary report.
They noted yesterday that the Maya culture used a different musical scale to the West, to which they called sound level “maya type” .
Experts say that from his studies of arqueoacústica, physics, ethnology and even ernología (about the sound of birds), the prehispanic emit very different sounds to Westerners with its range of them who they called “maya type .”
Among the notes Sol and Sol used in the West, with the current names applied by the Italian Guido Monaco Arezzo, in the Mayan instruments, there are many more records say researchers who expect to complete their studies to give the results.
The tools in the museum are flutes, ocarinas, whistles, trumpets, and horns. Some were made with ceramic, with snail shells and turtle shells.
Anthropologist Francisca Zalaquett, a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Maya Studies, UNAM, said in a report that experts classify the INAH Maya prehispanic musical instruments into three groups.
Three Groups of Musical Instruments
- Idiophones: where your sound generator’s body is vibrating, such as bells and rattles
- Membranophones: sound from a vibrating membrane, as the drums are heard with direct blows);
- Aerophones that sound with the oscillating air
Among the wind instruments, he explains that they have various sub – classifications, ” there are simple flutes, double, triple or quadruple can be multiple straight tubes, transverse, globular, globular; also trumpets, prepared with snails or snail – shaped mud or clay; ocarinas and whistles .”
Francisca Zalaguet explained that the musician Roberto Carbajal, concert flute State Symphony Orchestra of Mexico and master’s student in ethnomusicology, is who is running the aerophones, using their knowledge of technique encouragement and education of her ear, in the expects to recover all the possibilities of tones that can be issued each.
“The instruments are played in a portable cabin, designed by physicists at the Laboratory of Cybernetics of the Faculty of Sciences of the UNAM, with” wood plywood “and a foam absorbs external noise, allowing you to record the different scales achieved without distorting the sound elements, “adds the researcher.
When a wind instrument is studied, running several blows in the cockpit that are recorded and then make its sound analysis and record them in tables where the type described puff done and what sound is emitted in each case.
The number of resonances that came to run so far varied in each instrument; for example,
4 Kinds of Whistle Sound
- ocarinas eight or nine;
- simple flutes with a variety of sounds;
- the triple flute Maya Room of the MNA with more than 600 combinations of sounds
- The study has also allowed them to establish sound patterns related to meaning, a social context and what specific times of cultural life were used.
Biologists and ornithologists also worked for that, and it was found that the shape of frogs , which were found buried as part of agricultural offerings, their song was related to rain; and a large number of bird species like the owl, it linked them to the underworld, Zalaquett concluded.
The research project prehispanic musical instruments of the National Museum of Anthropology, is headed by Francisca Zalaquett and beside it works archeologist INAH Federica Sodi Miranda.
A specialist in this civilization, and a team of researchers from both institutions to study one by one the 125 musical instruments on display in the MNA, in the space dedicated to this prehispanic culture.
Previously also performed with the pieces of the Regional Museum of Yucatan “Palacio Canton”, the Fort of San Miguel in Campeche and wineries safeguard collections of the archaeological site of Chichen Itza in Yucatan INAH Campeche, Center the Autonomous University of Yucatan, and the archaeological site of Calakmul.
Western Musical Scale
Western scale traditional musical notes have a level tone pentagramada notes formed. The best known is developed by House of Hit and seven notes to which the Italian Guido Monaco gave his name, Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Si, Do.
On this scale five tone and two semitones, ranging between E and F and between B and distributed Do. In the background is a range that includes 12 semitones.
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